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Well Cleaning 101: A Look

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Owning your own water well can be a truly rewarding thing, but it can also bring along some new responsibilities that many homeowners are not accustomed to having. One of those new responsibilities will be to have the well professionally cleaned on a regular basis to maintain the quality of the drinking water being fed to their home. If you have never had your water well cleaned, you are bound to have a few questions. Take a look at some of the most frequently asked questions homeowners tend to have about professional water well cleaning.

Why do water wells have to be cleaned?

There are actually a few different reasons why a water well may have to be cleaned on a regular basis. Some water wells have to be cleaned more often than others, and some water wells rarely ever have to be cleaned at all. However, most water wells can accumulate bacteria that grows due to the exposure to oxygen and the oxidation of the metals inside of the well. This bacteria can show itself in the form of a slimy residue on the inner walls of the well. Encrusting is also another reason water well can have to be cleaned. This is usually related to the accumulation of minerals in the well water, but if left uncleaned, it can leave your well water looking dirty. 

What is the best way to tell if your water well needs to be cleaned?

In general, there are four different reasons why you should have your well checked to see if it needs to be professionally cleaned, including:

  • Your well water has a really bad odor or does not taste good
  • Your water is not being produced as quickly as it should be
  • You see suspended matter in your well water or the water looks cloudy or dirty 

Since most water wells are hundreds of feet deep, it would be practically impossible to look into the well yourself to determine if it needs to be cleaned. Therefore, you really do have to watch the quality of your water.

What are the ways that water wells are cleaned?

There are, of course, ways to clean your well with chemicals. For example, adding chlorination to the water can help remove bacteria. However, true professional cleaning involves using things like pressurized water or air, scraping mechanisms and scrubbers, and sonic waves to clean the well's interior.